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APA 7 Referencing

General rules: Figures

Basic image with an author


General rules:

  • Describe the work in square brackets after the title, e.g. [Painting].
  • Check with your lecturer to make sure you meet the programme requirements for referencing figures.


  • The author is determined by the media type.
    • artwork - artist
    • photograph - photographer


  • You do not need to get copyright permission if you are using the figure for educational purposes (i.e. in an assignment).
  • The New Zealand Copyright Act (1994) allows the free use of figures for educational purposes but they must be referenced.
  • If you plan to sell or exhibit your work you will need to get copyright permission for figures used.
  • The Copyright Council of New Zealand provides useful information at

(APA manual, 2020, pp. 341-342).

Medical Imaging Images

In-text Citation

All images and tables (including graphs) should have the following label above the image.

                                  Figure 1 and a short title of the image

Place any further explanation including how the image was processed, details about the view etc… underneath the image preceded with the word Note.


                   Figure 1

                   CT scan of the elbow


                  Note:  Place your detailed description here.  

                Then in your reference list:



                 Figure 1: Adapted from: "CT scan of the elbow," by RemakeHealth, n.d.,


Clip art or stock image

Citations or copyright attribution are not required for clip art from programmes like Microsoft Word or PowerPoint.


(GDJ, 2010). 

GDJ. (2010). Neural network deep learning prismatic [Clip art]. Openclipart. 


(APA manual, 2020, p. 346).

Infographics: graphs etc. showing large amounts of data or information

Include the name of the website after the title information.


‚Äč(Rossman & Palmer, 2015).

Rossman, J., & Palmer, R. (2015). Sorting through our space junk [Infographic]. World Science Festival.


(APA manual, 2020, pp. 346-347).

Artwork in a museum or on a museum website


Use this format for all art works such as paintings, sculptures, photographs, prints, drawings, installations.

Include a description of the medium or format in square brackets after the title.

Include the name of the gallery after the title information.


(Hodgkins, 1929-1930).

Hodgkins, F. (1929-1930). The farmer's daughter: Portrait of Annie Coggan [Oil on canvas laid on board]. Dunedin

               Public Art Gallery. 


(APA manual, 2020, p. 346).

Photograph and artworks not connected to museums

In the caption include the details you consider to be relevant about the art work e.g. Artist, title, year created.

After the title information, give the name of the site or book from which the photograph was retrieved.


(Melford, 2019).

Melford, M. (2019). Night lights [Photograph]. National Geographic.


(APA manual, 2020, p. 346).

Untitled photograph

Include a description in square brackets in place of the title.


(Goew, n.d.). 

Goew, T. (n.d.). [Girl watching behind boy holding smartphone]. Unsplash.


(APA manual, 2020, p. 347)

PowerPoint slides or lecture notes

Provide the name of the site and its URL (use the login page URL for Moodle).


(Cleland, 2019).

Cleland, S. (2019). I102 technical support fundamentals [PowerPoint slides]. Moodle.


(APA manual, 2020, p. 347).