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APA 7 Referencing

General rules: Figures

Basic image with an author


General rules:

  • Describe the work in square brackets after the title, e.g. [Painting].
  • Check with your lecturer to make sure you meet the programme requirements for referencing figures.
  • All figures and tables are listed in a separate list placed before your reference list.  The heading for the figures list should be Figures


  • The author is determined by the media type.
    • artwork - artist
    • photograph - photographer


  • You do not need to get copyright permission if you are using the figure for educational purposes (i.e. in an assignment).
  • The New Zealand Copyright Act (1994) allows the free use of figures for educational purposes but they must be referenced.
  • If you plan to sell or exhibit your work you will need to get copyright permission for figures used.
  • The Copyright Council of New Zealand provides useful information at

(APA manual, 2020, pp. 341-342).

Medical Imaging Images

In-text Citation

  • All images and tables (including graphs) should have the following label above the image.

                                  Figure 1 and a short title of the image

  • Place any further explanation including how the image was processed, details about the view etc… underneath the image preceded with the word Note.


                   Figure 1

                   CT scan of the elbow


                  Note:  Place your detailed description here.  

                Then in your reference list:



                 Figure 1: Adapted from: "CT scan of the elbow," by RemakeHealth, n.d.,


Clip art or stock image

  • Citations or copyright attribution are not required for clip art from programmes like Microsoft Word or PowerPoint.

(GDJ, 2010). 

GDJ. (2010). Neural network deep learning prismatic [Clip art]. Openclipart. 


(APA manual, 2020, p. 346).

Infographics: graphs etc. showing large amounts of data or information

  • Include the name of the website after the title information.

‚Äč(Rossman & Palmer, 2015).

Rossman, J., & Palmer, R. (2015). Sorting through our space junk [Infographic]. World Science Festival.


(APA manual, 2020, pp. 346-347).

Artwork in a museum or on a museum website

  • Use this format for all art works such as paintings, sculptures, photographs, prints, drawings, installations.
  • Include a description of the medium or format in square brackets after the title.
  • Include the name of the gallery after the title information.

(Hodgkins, 1929-1930).

Hodgkins, F. (1929-1930). The farmer's daughter: Portrait of Annie Coggan [Oil on canvas laid on board]. Dunedin

               Public Art Gallery. 


(APA manual, 2020, p. 346).

Photograph and artworks not connected to museums

  • In the caption include the details you consider to be relevant about the art work e.g. Artist, title, year created.
  • After the title information, give the name of the site or book from which the photograph was retrieved.

(Melford, 2019).

Melford, M. (2019). Night lights [Photograph]. National Geographic.


(APA manual, 2020, p. 346).

Untitled photograph

  • Include a description in square brackets in place of the title.

(Goew, n.d.). 

Goew, T. (n.d.). [Girl watching behind boy holding smartphone]. Unsplash.


(APA manual, 2020, p. 347)

PowerPoint slides or lecture notes

  • Provide the name of the site and its URL (use the login page URL for Moodle).

(Cleland, 2019).

Cleland, S. (2019). I102 technical support fundamentals [PowerPoint slides]. Moodle.


(APA manual, 2020, p. 347).