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APA 7 Referencing


  • Provide the name of the site and its URL (use the login page URL for Moodle).

(Cleland, 2019).

Cleland, S. (2019). I102 technical support fundamentals [PowerPoint slides]. Moodle.


(APA manual, 2020, p. 347).

Personal communication

  • This refers to letters, including email, interviews, telephone conversations and discussions on placement or work experience.
  • Personal communications are cited in text only
  • Include the initial and last name of the person.
  • Include the month, day and year the conversation took place.
  • Do not include citations for information received from interviews you conducted as part of your research.
  • Do not include in the reference list.

(T. Nguyen, personal communication, February 24, 2020).

(APA manual, 2020, p. 260).