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APA 7 Referencing

Social Media rules

  • Cite only original content from social media sites such as Twitter, Facebook, Reddit, Instagram, Tumblr, LinkedIn, etc.
  • If you use links from social media, cite the original source, not social media site.
  • Do not change spelling and capitalization in social media references.
  • If emojis are included, provide these in square brackets e.g. [face with tears of joy emoji]
  • For the title, include up to the first 20 words of the post.

(APA manual, 2020, p. 350).

Facebook or Twitter: general discussion

  • give the site URL in text, inside parentheses.
  • do not include in reference list         

Jacinda Ardern uses Twitter ( to communicate with the New Zealand public and those interested in New Zealand issues. (APA manual, 2020, p. 350).

Facebook post

  • Both in-text citation and reference are required.
  • Include author name as written (do not change the order of first and last name)
  • Date includes year and date, but not time.
  • URL leads directly to the post rather than the feed in general.

Facebook post example:

(UCOL, 2019).

UCOL. (2019, May 30). Battle of the Bands [Status update]. Facebook.


Facebook post with video example:

(News From Science, 2018).

News From Science. (2018, June 26). These frogs walk instead of hop: https://scimage/2KlriwH [Video]. Facebook.                                     

(APA manual, 2020, p. 349).

Blog post

  • The title of the blog post is not italicised.  
  • The name of the blog is italicised.
  • If the full name of the author is given, include the first initial.                                                                                                                                                 

(Lindsay, 2019).

Lindsay. (2019, November 20). The best instant pot mashed potatoes. Pinch of Yum.                                      pot-mashed-potatoes

(APA manual, 2020, p. 320).    


Treat Pinterest the same as an online image.

Intext citation:

(Daily Health, n.d.).

Then in your reference list:

Daily Health. (n.d.). Fat killer workout [Video]. Pinterest.

(APA manual, pp. 348-350).


  • Add the twitter handle after the author name.

(Global Health 50/50, 2019).

Global Health 50/50 [@GlobalHealth5050]. (2019, November 27). We are honoured to have @helenafortes on our

               judging panel [Image attached] [Tweet]. Twitter.

(APA manual, 2020, p. 348)


  • Remember to include the hashtag after the author name.

(Venturebeat, 2019).

Venturebeat [@venturebeat]. (2019, October 17). This is the Pixel 4 [Photograph]. Instagram.           


(APA manual, 2020. p. 350)

Online forum post

(National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2018).

National Aeronautics and Space Administration [nasa]. (2018, September 12). I'm NASA astronaut Scott Tingle.  Ask

             me anything about adjusting to being back on Earth after my first spaceflight! [Online forum post]. Reddit.


(APA manual, 2020, p. 350).