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APA 7 Referencing

Social Media rules

Cite only original content from social media sites such as Twitter, Facebook, Reddit, Instagram, Tumblr, LinkedIn, etc.

If you use links from social media, cite the original source, not social media site.

Do not change spelling and capitalization in social media references.

If emojis are included, provide these in square brackets e.g. [face with tears of joy emoji]

For the title, include up to the first 20 words of the post.

(APA manual, 2020, p. 350).

Facebook or Twitter: general discussion

Give the site URL in text, inside parentheses.

Do not include in reference list         

Jacinda Ardern uses Twitter ( to communicate with the New Zealand public and those interested in New Zealand issues. 

(APA manual, 2020, p. 350).

Facebook post

Both in-text citation and reference are required.

Include author name as written (do not change the order of first and last name)

Date includes year and date, but not time.

URL leads directly to the post rather than the feed in general.

Facebook post example:

(UCOL, 2019).

UCOL. (2019, May 30). Battle of the Bands [Status update]. Facebook.


Facebook post with video example:

(News From Science, 2018).

News From Science. (2018, June 26). These frogs walk instead of hop: https://scimage/2KlriwH [Video]. Facebook.                                     

(APA manual, 2020, p. 349).

Blog post

The title of the blog post is not italicised.  

The name of the blog is italicised.

If the full name of the author is given, include the first initial.                                                                                                                               

Blog post example:                 

(Lindsay, 2019).

Lindsay. (2019, November 20). The best instant pot mashed potatoes. Pinch of Yum.                                      pot-mashed-potatoes

(APA manual, 2020, p. 320).    


Treat Pinterest the same as an online image.

Pinterest example:

(Daily Health, n.d.).

Daily Health. (n.d.). Fat killer workout [Video]. Pinterest.

(APA manual, pp. 348-350).


Add the twitter handle after the author name.

Twitter example:

(Global Health 50/50, 2019).

Global Health 50/50 [@GlobalHealth5050]. (2019, November 27). We are honoured to have @helenafortes on our

               judging panel [Image attached] [Tweet]. Twitter.

(APA manual, 2020, p. 348)


Remember to include the hashtag after the author name.

Instagram example:

(Venturebeat, 2019).

Venturebeat [@venturebeat]. (2019, October 17). This is the Pixel 4 [Photograph]. Instagram.           


(APA manual, 2020. p. 350)

Online forum post

Online forum example:

(National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2018).

National Aeronautics and Space Administration [nasa]. (2018, September 12). I'm NASA astronaut Scott Tingle.  Ask

             me anything about adjusting to being back on Earth after my first spaceflight! [Online forum post]. Reddit.


(APA manual, 2020, p. 350).