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APA 7 Referencing

Structure for referencing internet sources

When using information from the Internet, consider carefully the origins of the information. 

  • Is it credible?
  • Is it valid?
  • Is it reliable?

NOTE: Only use this category if there is no other category to fit (e.g. online newspaper, social media).

There are two patterns for online resources.  

  • a person is identified as the author
  • there is not person identified as the author

You need to choose the pattern that fits nd follow that pattern.

Pattern One: Online reference where there is a person identified as the author:


(O'Flynn, 2019).

O'Flynn, D. (2019). Art as healing: Edward Adamson. Rawvision.                                                             edward-adamson


Pattern Two: Online reference where there is no person identified as the author:


(Asthma + Respiratory Foundation NZ, 2018). 

Asthma + Respiratory Foundation NZ. (2018). Respiratory disease in New     



1.  If citing multiple webpages from a website, you must reference each page separately.

2.  If the author is not clear, check the 'about us' page.

3.  Date:  Use the year only (see the date box below).

4.   Include retrieval date only when material is likely to change overtime and the page is not archived.

(APA manual, 2020, p. 350).

Author and site name the same

When the author and site name are the same, omit the site name after the title.


(World Health Organisation, 2019).

World Health Organisation. (2010). Ebola virus disease.

(APA manual, 2020, p. 350).


For webpages use the year only. 

The date can be found under the title or at the end of the article. If there is no obvious date look for  "Last updated....". 


(World Health Organisation, 2019).

World Health Organisation. (2019). Ebola virus disease.


Where there is no date, use n.d.


(Holisticonline, n.d.).

Holisticonline. (n.d.). Pet therapy.


Note: Do not use the copyright date at the bottom of the screen. This date refers to the entire website, not the page you are referencing.

(APA manual, 2020, p. 350).

Corporate or group author

Example 1: 

First citation:  (Ministry of Health [MOH], 2014).

Second and subsequent citations:  (MOH, 2014)

Ministry of Health. (2014). Ebola: Information for the public.


 (APA manual, 2020, p. 351).

Example 2: 

(SPCA New Zealand, 2011)

SPCA New Zealand. (2011). Your dog may be dying from the heat [Press release]. 


(APA manual, 2020, p. 331).