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APA 7 Referencing

Structure for referencing internet sources

When using information from the Internet, consider carefully the origins of the information. 

  • Is it credible?
  • Is it valid?
  • Is it reliable?

NOTE: Only use this category if there is no other category to fit (e.g. online newspaper, social media).

Online reference pattern

1.  If citing multiple webpages from a website, you must reference each page separately.

2.  If the author is not clear, check the 'about us' page.

3.  Date:  Use the year only (see the date box below).

4.   Include retrieval date only when material is likely to change overtime and the page is not archived.

(APA manual, 2020, p. 350).


(O'Flynn, 2019).

O'Flynn, D. (2019). Art as healing: Edward Adamson. Rawvision.                                                             edward-adamson

Author and site name the same

When the author and site name are the same, omit the site name after the title. (APA manual, 2020, p. 350).


(World Health Organisation, 2019).

World Health Organisation. (2010). Ebola virus disease.


For webpages use the year only. 

The date can be found under the title or at the end of the article. If there is no obvious date look for  "Last updated....". 


(World Health Organisation, 2019).

World Health Organisation. (2019). Ebola virus disease.


Where there is no date, use n.d.


(Holisticonline, n.d.).

Holisticonline. (n.d.). Pet therapy.


Do not use the copyright date at the bottom of the screen.  This date refers to the entire website, not the page you are referencing.

(APA manual, 2020, p. 350).

Corporate or group author

In text citation example 1:  (APA manual, 2020, p. 351).

First citation:  (Ministry of Health [MOH], 2014).

Second and subsequent citations:  (MOH, 2014)

Ministry of Health. (2014). Ebola: Information for the public.


In text citation example 2: (APA manual, 2020, p. 331).

(SPCA New Zealand, 2011)

SPCA New Zealand. (2011). Your dog may be dying from the heat [Press release].